10 Rarest Snakes In The World
Most humans fear reptiles, especially snakes. It is a fear that is injected into most the humans from their very childhood. However, despite the fear they put in many people, snakes are actually under threat in their own natural environment.
Between the pressures caused by invasive species and the gradual destruction of their habitats, it’s no wonder that there are a number of snakes that are threatened with extinction. In this video, we are going to show you the 10 rarest snakes in the world. Let’s begin: Number 10. Tiger Keelback snake While many snakes make their own toxins, not all do. Japan’s tiger keelback snake is one of a handful of species that can store toxins it acquires from its food.
This snake has some of the most beautiful colors with black and orange spots on its back, similar to that of a tiger. They are usually less than a meter long, an ideal meal for many birds and mammals. But they eat toxic toads and store the toxins in specialized organs on the backs of their necks called nuchal glands.
If a snake is threatened it arches its neck, making the nuchal gland area more prominent. A predator that bit the snake’s neck would probably get a jet of fluid from the glands straight in the mouth or face, which would be distasteful or even painful.
But did you know that not all keelbacks display this defense? Researchers have noticed that tiger keelback snakes on a Japanese island that does not have toads would rather flee than stand their ground when faced with predators. Number 9. Dragon snake We might never get to see dragons in real life, so this snake is the closest thing to the legendary myth that is a dragon. Also known as Xenodermus javanicus, it is an interesting snake in that it is the only snake in its genus.
Native to Thailand, Burma, and Indonesia, it is a nocturnal snake and feeds exclusively on frogs. The dragon snake also looks a lot like a crocodile due to its dark coloration. It is also known for its “stiff behavior” in which the snake will stiffen up, almost like a board, in any position when touched or picked up.
It is not known why it behaves like this but it is interesting. Another interesting feature about this snake is its skin. Rather than being smooth as most snakes are, the dragon snake has three rows of large, keeled scales that run down the center of its back, somewhat like the ridge of hair seen on a Rhodesian Ridgeback dog.
Despite the fact that it lives around humans, it isn’t dangerous because it isn’t poisonous. Number 8. Elephant trunk snake This one will definitely have your attention. This snake is very distinguishable as it looks exactly like an elephant’s trunk. The similarities are so vivid that you might think that someone cut off an elephant’s trunk and it came back to life! Elephant trunk snake belongs to a group of non-venomous aquatic snakes. It can be found in warm freshwaters and brackish waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam. These snakes live near the coasts of rivers, streams, canals, and lagoons. This unusual snake is often on a target of hunters because of its skin, which is highly prized in the industry of leather. Hundreds of thousands of snakes are killed each year because of their skin.
Besides the skin, elephant trunk snakes are killed because of their meat, which is consumed as a delicacy in Asia. The third factor which significantly decreases the number of elephant trunk snakes in the wild is habitat loss. Even though it seems like everything is out to kill off this species, the number of elephant trunk snakes is still high in the wild and they are not on the list of endangered animals. YET. Number 7.
The Alcatrazes Lancehead The Alcatrazes lancehead belongs to the pit viper family, which is distinguishable from other snakes by a heat-sensing organ in its head which it uses to locate its prey. And like all other pit vipers, it’s extremely poisonous. The exact numbers of surviving Alcatrazes lanceheads are unknown, although it has been noted that they are fairly common on the small island that they live on.
This snake, whose scientific name is Bothrops alcatraz, is a critically endangered viper that lives on a small island off the southeastern coast of Brazil.