All You Need To Know About History of Nigeria Before Independence (1900 – 1960)
Nigeria was alluded to as Colonial Nigeria during the period to be examined in this review. Pilgrim Nigeria presently became autonomous on 1960 and turned into a republic in 1963. The British precluded slave exchange 1807 and that was the time Nigeria’s impact started to be seen on worldwide scale. This likewise denoted the finish of the well known Edo Kingdom.
The British separated Nigeria into three protectorates, versus, Lagos, Northern Nigerian and Southern Nigeria; that was in 1861. Over the nineteenth century, the impact of the British expanded in the Niger region, including Nigeria, and they set up the Oil River Protectorate in 1884.
In spite of expansion in the impact of the British during the time, the region was not involved until 1885. In that specific year, any remaining European forces surrendered the region to the British at the Berlin Conference.
The Royal Niger Company was assembled by the British to regulate the undertakings of the space and the Royal Niger Company was heavily influenced by Governor George Taubman Goldie.
1900 imprints the year that the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and the Southern Nigeria Protectorate were converged into one substance. This was additionally the year that the area was passed to the British crown by the organization. The two domains anyway got amalgamated in 1914 after lead representative Frederick Laggard encouraged the British crown to do it. The two domains presently turned into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Even after the blend, the two domains actually kept up with some proportion of territorial independence among every one of the three significant areas included.
After the World War II, a reformist constitution was assembled and this gave Nigerians more portrayal at the National Assembly and more Nigerians had constituent positions. The British guideline during a large portion of the provincial days was a greater amount of regulatory and dictatorial standard. At the previous days, the British embraced aberrant standard over Nigeria.
The Lagos province was anyway converged with the Southern Nigeria protectorate in 1906. The two were subsequently converged with the northern Nigeria protectorate in 1914. They later named the entire region as Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. The white Britons were fundamentally the ones supervising the tactical control and organization of the district during this period. The organization and military control were done both in London and Nigeria.
The British later forced a financial framework on Nigeria so as to benefit from African work, after military success over Nigeria.
This framework was alluded to as cash economy and the British pound was the money being spent in Nigeria back then. They requested that Nigerians pay charges in British pound authentic or they requested that they pay to helpful locals and they were likewise charged different duties.
Interior pressure anyway followed the 1914 combination this actually perseveres till this very day.
The preachers were important for the unarmed powers utilized by the British government to infiltrate into the Nigerian personalities. Nigerians embraced the chapels and the western lifestyles and this further revives infiltration of the Nigerian hinterlands by the British. The way that the congregation was for the most part associated with the abolishment of slave exchange additionally improved the situation, as it advances their prevalence among local people. At the underlying stage, tasks of the houses of worship were restricted to both Lagos and Ibadan. English authorities and brokers were joined by Portuguese Roman Catholic Priests and they scourged the West African coast to acquaint Christianity with individuals of this space, remembering those for Edo Kingdom.
While the CMS were more thought among the Yorubas, the Catholics worked more among the Igbos. This was one of the variables that prompted the rise of Samuel Ajayi Crowther as the absolute first Anglican Bishop of the Niger.
Then, at that point in 1925, another development started. Nigerian understudies concentrating abroad, particularly in the United Kingdom, united with different understudies from the West African sub-locale to shape the West African Students Union.
This association zeroed in such a huge amount on censuring frontier rule and they likewise showed clear dismissal of the blend. They blamed the British government for being answerable for backwardness of Nigeria, since they neglected to offer acknowledgment to ancestral and ethnic partitions however rather went on to join every one of the distinctive ethnic gatherings in Nigeria together. The focal point of these early patriots was not with regards to Nigeria, but rather about their singular ethnic gatherings.
These were the people that initially thought of the possibility of self-rule and their industriousness was party one of the variables that stopped frontier rule in 1960. These dissidents were additionally utilizing houses of worship to voice their analysis contrary to British standard.
Different affiliations, similar to the Nigerian Union of Teachers, Nigerian Law Association, Nigerian Produce Traders’ Association and the preferences fired coming up during the 1920s, and Obafemi Awolowo drove the Nigerian Produce Traders’ Association then, at that point.
By the center piece of 1940s, every one of the significant ethnic gatherings in Nigeria had framed affiliations. Genuine instances of such were the Egbe Omo Oduduwa and Igbo Federal Union.
Herbart Macaulay was alluded to as the dad of Nigerian patriotism. He was one of those that stimulated political mindfulness in Nigerians by means of papers. He was similarly the head of the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP).
This party overwhelmed al the decisions in Lagos from 1922 till 1938 when the National Youth Movement (NYM) was framed. In any case, the party was pretty much a Lagos party and its individuals previously had different encounters in elective governmental issues.
The NYM was the party that brought to the front people like Nnamdi Azikiwe, H.O. Davies and others. Azikiwe was a greater amount of an African man than a Nigerian man. He was more disposed towards an assembled African front against European Colonialism.
The political mindfulness were the occasion that set up for the rise of the Action Group, the Northern People’s Congress and the National Congress of Nigeria and Cameroun. This expanded political mindfulness made ready for the 1959 general races and the free of Nigeria from British standard in 1960.